1903 - Century of Flight - 2003

 

 7 OCT, 1903. Langley’s “Great Aerodronie crashes in Potomac.

 8 DEC, 1903. Langley crashes again.

17 DEC, 1903 .Wrights launch “Flyer” four times.


 MAY 1908. Curtis’s begins manufacturing airplanes commercially.

 4 JULY, 1908. Louis Blêriot flies a monoplane for 5 minutes.

4 JULY, 1908. Curtis’s flies “June Bug” publicly for 102.5 seconds.

8 AUG, 1908 .Wilbur Wright makes the brother’ first public flight, in France.


13 MAY, 1913. Sikorsky Bolshom, a multi-engine large plane flies.


28 MAY, 1914. Curtis’s flies Langley’s “Aerodromne” after adding floats.

18 JUN E, 1914 .Lawrence Sperry flies Curtiss Flying Boat fitted with . gyrostabilizer.

 

3 MAR, 1915. Advisory Committee for Aeronautics forms.

1 APR, 1915 .French pilot Lt .Roland Garros shoots down German “Aviatik”.

12 DEC, 1915 .All-metal, cantilevered wing monoplane Junkers J-1 begins trials in Germany.

1915 Elmer Sperry demonstrates airplane drift indicator.


26 DEC, 1917 .NACA tests simulated altitude chamber.


6 MAR, 1918. Curtiss-Sperry Flying Bomb hits target at 1,000 yards

17 AUG, 1918. Army Martin MB-I bomber makes maiden flight.


30 OCT, 1919. Reversible pitch propeller demonstrated.

1919. Junkers produces J-13, a cantilevered-wing transport.


21 JUNE, 1920. Navy approves retractable landing gear.


5 JUNE, 1921. First flight of a pressurized cabin airplane, the D-9-A

28 NOV, 1921. German Ludwig Prandtl publishes Applications of Modern Hydrodynamics.”


15 DEC 1922 .1,000-hp Napier powers an Avro Aldershot.

18 DEC 1922. George de Bothezat makes first U.S. helicopter flight.


9 JAN. 1923. Lt. Alejandro Gomez Spencer of Spain flies autogiro.

2 APR. 1923 Wright H-3 all-metal pursuit monoplane flies from Curtis Field.

25 JUN 1923 Lt.. Lowell Smith and John Richter remain a loft for four days, and refuel in the air eight times.

19 JULY 1923 Aeronautical engineer W. F. Gerhardt claims first human-powered            flight.

 * NOV 1923 New York University starts aeronautical engineering course.

 

7 SEPT. 1925 Anthony Fokker demonstrates the Fokker tri-motor Monoplane F- VII-3m.

 

6 FEB. 1926 Pratt & Whitney builds the 9-cylinder, 425-hp, air-cooled radial Wasp engine.


2 MAY, 1927 A Stinson mono-plane demonstrates air brakes and air starter.

23 MAY 1927 The Naval Aircraft Factory finds anodic coatings can inhibit            corrosion of .aluminum.

 

16 JUNE, 1928 Supercharger test at Wright Field delivers sea-level pressure at 30,000 feet.

 

8 AUG. 1929 Jet-assisted takeoff lifts a Junkers W33 seaplane from theElbe River in Germany.

24 SEPT. 1929 Lt. James Doolittle makes instrument landing.


* DEC 1931 An autopilot is licensed to fly passengers.

 

3 DEC. 1932 The Northrop Ganmtma all-metal, monocoque. high-speed transport flies.

 

30 MAR. 1933 Boeing delivers the all metal low-wing 247 transport monoplane to United Air Lies.

 

5 SEPT. 1934 Wiley Post flies into the stratosphere wearing a B.F. Goodrich pressure suit.


5 MAR 1936 A Super-marine Spitfire prototype flies.

6 JUN. 1936 Soconv Vacuum Oil Co. makes 100-.octane gas.


12 APR. 1937 Frank Whittle tests his gas-turbine engine, the U type.

 

*MAR 1938 American Airlines approves the feathering Hamilton hydraulic airscrew for service.


27 AUG. 1939 Erich Warsitz secretly flies the jet propelled Heinkel He-l78.


13 MAY 1940 The Vought-Sikorsky VS 3®) helicopter makes a free flight.

 

26 OCT. 1940 North American Aviation’s NA-73 fighter, which will be the P-51 Mustang, flies.

 

30 JUNE. 1941 Northrop Aircraft wins Army-Navy contract to design gas turbine engine that will become known as the Turbodyne.

21 NOV. 1941 Navy awards Robert Goddard a contract to develop liquid- propel- lant jet-assisted takeoff units for seaplanes.


21 SEPT. 1942 Boeing XB-29 Superfortress flies.

22 OCT. 1942 Navy authorizes Westinghouse to begin constructing two19-AI 9A axial-flow turbojcts.


9 JAN. 1943 Lockheed L U49 Constellation flies.

1 OCT. 1943 Turbojet-powered Bell XP-59A Airacomet flies.

3 OCT. 1943 German A- 4 rocket. later named the V-2, flies.


8 JAN. 1944 Lockheed XP-8O flies, powered by a Halford turbo-jet engine.

APR. 1944 Reynolds Metal announces the development of R-301 aircraft

aluminum.

 

20 JAN. 1945 NACA aerodynamnicist Robert Jones develops the swept-back wing concept.

FEB. 1945 Army Ordnance begins Nike missile project.

MAR. 1945 U.S. ‘s first liquid-fuel rocket missile, Gorgon II--A flies.

17 May 1945 Aerojet Engineer awarded contract for Aerobee sounding rocket.

DEC. 1945 More than 100 scientists and engineers, members of the V-2 team headed by Wernher von Braun , arrive in the U.S.

14 DEC. 1945 Bell begins developing the supersonic plane X—2.

         

 24 JULY, 1946 Automatic manned ejection front a Gloster Meteor.


1 OCT. 1947 North American XF-86 Sabre jet prototype swept-wing fighter flies.

14 OCT. 1947 Charles Yeager flies a Bell XS- 1 through the sound barrier.

2 NOV. 1947 Howard Hughes flies the “Spruce Goose” flying boat

10 DEC. 1947 Air Force Lt. Col John Stapp rides a rocket sled.


21 APR. 1949 Leduc 010-01, powered by a ramjet engine flies.

27 JULY, 1949 De Havilland DH-106 Comet jetliner flies.


18 MAY, 1951 Fokker S.14 Mach Trainer flies.

13 NOV. 1951 NACA Lesvis Laboratory investigates transonlc turbojet compressor.

DEC. 1951 NACA’s Richard Whitcomb verifies the area rule for reducing transonic drag.

10 DEC. 1951 Gas turbine powered Katttan K 225 helicopter flies using a Boeing            502-2 engine.


2 MAR. 1952 Piper PA-23 Twin-Stinson flies, later becoming the Piper Apache.

15 APR. 1952 Boeing YB-52 Stratofortress flies, powered by 8 Pratt & Whitney turbojets.

23 JULY. 1952 French Fouga CM-I 7CR Magister jet-propelled basic trainer makes its first flight.


25 MAY. 1953 North American YF-IOOA supersonic fighter flies.

3 AUG. 1953 Test firing of the Redstone missile.

7 AUG . 1953 Leduc 021 01 ramjet—powered subsonic research aircraft tlies from an air launch.

3 DEC. 1953 Grumman tests a boundary layer control system with a modified F9F—4 Panther.



7 FEB. 1954 Lockheed XF-l(J4 flies; predecessor to the F—I 04.

1 JUN. 1954 The C-11 steam catapult launches a Grunsnian Tracker from the USS Hancock.

22 JUNE 1954 Douglas XA4D-I Skvhawk light attack bomber flies

2 NOV. 1954 Convair XFY-I takes off vertically, moves into horizontal flight, and lands vertically.

10 DEC. 1954 Lt. Col. John Stapp rides the rocket sled at Holloman AFB, experiences 40 g.

 

10 MAY, 1955 GE’S XJ79 turbo-jet engine is tested on a North American B-45 tested.

 

5 MAR. 1956 NACA engineers present the concept of compression lift for supersonic aircraft.

7 SEPT. 1956 North American Aviation awards Reaction Motors X -15 rocket engine contract.


19 FEB. 1957 Bell X-14 VTOL jet makes a hovering flight.

21 DEC. 1957 Boeing 707 flies.


30 MAY 1958 Douglas Aircraft DC.-8 flies.


10 APR. 1959 Northrop 1-38 supersonic trainer flies.

4 JUNE 1959 Republic F-105- D Thunderchief flies.

17 SEPT. 1959 North American X-13 flies.

27 NOV. 1959 Hillcr X-18 tilt-wing experimental aircraft flies.

2 DEC. 1959 French Dassault IV supersonic jet bomber flies.

 

25 OCT. 1960 Boeing Vertol 107 Model 2 twin-turbine tandem- rotor helicopter f lies.

15 NOV. 1960 X-15 rocket research aircraft flies with Reaction Motors’ XLR-99 engine.


13 MAR 1961 Hawker Siddeley P.1127 Kestrel VIOL flies.

 

29 JUN E. 1962 Vickers VC-l0 jet transport flies, with ‘T” tail and engines mounted to the fuselage.

14 DEC. 1962 North American X-1 5 exceeds Mach 5 on its 75th flight.


18 APR 1963 Northrop tests laminar flow control system.


16 JULY 1964 Ryan XV-SA fan-in-wing VTOL flies.

29 SEPT. 1964 XC-l42 tiltrotor makes first conventional takeoff

29 DEC. 1964 XC~l42 tiltrotor takes first hover.


6 JAN. 1965 F-111A changes its swing wings while airborne.

11 JAN. 1965 XC-142 transitions from vertical to horizontal flight and back.

 30 SEPT. 1965 Lockheed wins contract to build the C-5A military transport.


17 MAR. 1966 Bell X 22A V/STOL flies.

12 JUNE. 1966 Dassault Mirage 111-F-2 tactical combat jet flies.


8 FEB. 1967 Saab 37 Viggen fighter flies.

9 APR. 1967 Boeing 737 flies.

30 JUNE. 1967 BAC 111 Series 500 passenger jet flies.

27 JULY 1967 Boeing 727-200 trijet flies.

3 OCT. 1967 North American X~I5A~l2 reaches Mach 6.72.

28 DEC. 1967 Hawker Siddeley Harrier V/STOL production version flies.


30 JUN 1968 Lockheed C-5A Galaxy military jet transport flies.


9 FEB. 1969 Boeing 747 flies.

2 MAR. 1969 Sod Aviation and British Aircraft Concorde SST flies


29 AUG. 1970 McDonnell Douglas DC-10 wide-body jetliner flies.

20 OCT. 1970 NASA tests its hypersonic engine to Mach 7.4.

21 DEC. 1970 Grumman F-1 4A Tomcat long-range interceptor flies

         

8 MAY. 1971 Dissault Mirage G8 fighter flies.


 28 OCT. 1972 Airbus A300B1 flies.

 

1 NOV. 1973 NASA flies a General l)yitamics F111l equipped with a supercritical wing.

 

2 OCT. 1974 GE engineer Roy Anderson demonstrates precursor to the global positioning system.


23 DEC . 1974 Rockwell International B- I bomber flies.

26 DEC. 1974 Long--range Airbus A3U0134 flies.


3 MAY. 1977 Bell XV-l3 tilt rotor flies.

28 AUG. 1977 Gossamer Condor flies figure eight and wins its first Kremer prize.

 

17 AUG. 1978 Double Eagle H balloon crosses the Atlantic.

18 NOV. 1978 McDonnell Douglas-Northrop F/A-18 flies.


12 JUNE. 1979 Gossamer Albatross crosses English Channel.


18 JUNE. 1981 Lockheed F-I 17A stealth fighter flies.


19 FEB. 1982 Boeing 757 flies.

3 APR. 1982 Airbus A310 flies.


23 DEC. 1986 Voyager flies around the world without refueling.


22 FEB. 1987 Airbus A320, with fly-by- wire controls, flies.


17 JULY. 1989 B-2 stealth bomber flies.


2 NOV. 1992 Computer-aided designed Airbus A330 flies.


29 MAR. 1996 Lockheed Darkstar reconnaissance drone flies.


7 SEPT. 1997 Lockheed Martin F 22A Raptor fighter flies.


4 FEB. 1998 Boeing 777-300 flies.


29 MAR. 1999 Breitling Orbiter 3 balloon flies nonstop around the world.


24 OCT. 2000 Lockheed Martin X-35A Joint Strike Fighter flies.


JUN 2001 Scaled Composites Proteus flies.

24 OCT. 2001 Lockheed Martin wins joint Strike Fighter contract.

 

30 JULY. 2002 University of Queensland achieves supersonic combustion in a scramjet during atmospheric flight.


Source:

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Published monthly by:

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers,

Three Park Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10016

Supplement to Mechanical Engineering Magazine

Online at: www.memagazine.org.



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