TOP RELIGIOUS EVENTS


LAST 2,000 YEARS

“Christian History”
Carol Stream, Ill.

List compiled from surveys of members.
100 most important events in History submitted.
Vote established the following 25 as leaders.

* The Roman empire’s crushing of a Jewish revolt in A.D. 70, destroying Jerusalem. Burning the temple and finally seizing the Masada fortress. The outcome eliminated the Jewish State until 1948. Resulted in the scattering of Jews and followers of Jesus to other places. Stopped Christian worship in the synagogues.

* The Edict of Milan in A.D. 313. Followed years of brutal Roman persecution of Christians. It guaranteed freedom and ‘complete toleration” of all religion.

* The First Council of Nicea of 325. Held that Jesus is “true God of true God.” Rejecting the Arian heresy that contended Jesus was more human than divine.

* A letter in 367 by Athanasius, bishop of Alexandria. Provides the first authoritative list of the 27 books of the New Testament.

* The conversion to Christianity in 386 of Augustine. A brilliant and profligate professor of rhetoric in Rome.

* In 405, the first Latin translation of the Bible. The great scholar, Jerome, accomplished this feat.

* The Council of Chalcedon in 451. Affirmed Christ’s full .humanity and full divinity, united in one person.

* A gentle monk, Benedict, in about 540 wrote his guidelines. They pertained to Christian community, shaping monastic life. Thus influencing Western society.

* The pagan prince, Viadmir, embraced Christianity in 988. Led to the Christianization of the Russian empire

* The “Great Schism” in 1054. Existed between Eastern and Western Christianity. Still divides Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. (Although in 1966 they lifted their mutual condemnations.)

* In 1095, Pope Urban II, launched first crusade. Intended to drive Moslems from the Holy Land.

* Thomas Acquinas in 1272, completed “Summa Theologiae” This massive work dominated Roman Catholic thought for centuries. (Still strongly influences both it and Protestantism thought.)

* The “great papal schism”, 1378. Two popes, and later three, vied for speremancy. Medieval church entered a 40-year crisis of authority.

* Johanna Gutenberg, in Germany, in 1456. Produced the first printed book* the Bible. Posted his 95 theses pressing the church debate on various issues.

* Martin Luther, a German monk, in 1517. Touched off the history-shattering movement of the Protestant Reformation.

* The Diet of Worms in1521. Condemned Luther after he delivered his famed defense of Christian freedom.

* The “Anabapist” movement arose in 1525. Rejecting infant baptism. stressing congregational rule. Also: separation of church and state.

* In 1534, the British parliament made King Henry VIII head of the Church of England. Threw off all papal rule. Leading to many Anglican (and Episcopal) denominations around the world.

* Theologian John Calvin in 1536. Published his comprehensive “Institutes of the Christian Religion.” Influenced the shaping of Presbyterian and the Reformed churches.

* The Council of Trent, began in 1545. Roma Catholicism’s “Counter-Reformation”, condemning various Protestant views. Catholicism’s course thereby set for 400 years.

*Publication of King James Version of the Bible, 1611. (Couched in lofty English and still popular.)

* British priest John Wesley, 1738. Begab preaching ministry among working people. It gave rise to worldwide Methodism.

* The “Great Awakening” .peaks about 1740. A wave of Christian revival across America.

* Roman Catholicsm’s reforming Second Vatican Council of 1962-1965. Launched that church with Protestantism into the ecumenical efforts for unity.

* 1963 march on Washington. Led by Rev. Martin Luther King, climaxing the civil rights movement.

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